child education
Toilet Training Tips

Be Prepared to Begin

Determine the best age and maturity to start your child. Toilet Training takes time and energy. Starting too soon or before you are prepared for the process will just frustrate you and your child. There is no specific set time for you to start this process because all children are different.

Find What Works the Best For Your Child

Pull-ups offer many different products to help make the transition easier for your child. Find the best training pant that fits your child's learning style.

Introduce Items to Child

Introduce the items for using the potty to your child to get him or her comfortable with the idea. Show your child the potty training pant, seat, and other items you may use. Also, get them comfortable with the cycle of sitting, using toilet paper, flushing, and washing their hands after using the potty.


Make sure you use a consistent routine every day. You cannot stop and start potty training with success. You need to be committed to see it through despite everyday events that might pop up. If your child thinks that you will waver, then they will too.

Praise Effort

Make sure you praise your child with their efforts and not results. Do not get upset or punish your child if they cannot get the desired results. The results will come with time and patience. THERE WILL BE ACCIDENTS, so be prepared.

Use Interactive Approaches

To keep the child interested use interactive approaches, such as games, songs, videos, and books. Also, you may want to begin a chart to show progress on how well your child is doing.


Make sure everyone in the child's life is aware of their potty training. Make sure that everyone is aware of your training methods, too. Encouragement and consistency are the keys to success.

Pack Supplies on the Go

Pack a potty training seat and your child's favorite book in the car, so you can keep up with the consistency of the process. Packing a convenient bag with the seat, book, wipes, spare clothes, and spare pull-ups make trips to public restrooms easy.


Make certificates that say, "I am so proud of you!" or use stickers for the child's chart to encourage the process. Maybe reward them with an extra book at night for their efforts during the day.


If all else fails, regroup, wait 2 weeks and start again with the basics. Your child will succeed! Remember to be positive and patient!

For more Information please click on the following links:

Good Eating Habits in Children

1. Have Regular Family Meals

  • Makes children more likely to eat fruits, vegetables, and grains
  • Makes children less likely to snack on unhealthy foods

2. Serve a Variety of Healthy Foods & Snacks

  • Work fruits and vegetables into the daily routine
  • Make it easy for your child to choose healthy snacks
  • Serve lean meats, and other good sources of protein
  • Choose whole-grain breads & cereals
  • Limit fat intake
  • Limit fast food and other low-nutrient snacks
  • Limit sugary drinks

3. Be a Role Model by Eating Healthy Yourself

  • Limit portions
  • Don’t overeat
  • Eat vegetables, fruits and whole grains
  • Avoid sugary and high fat foods and drinks
  • Drink water and milk

4. Don’t Battle Over Food

  • Establish a predictable schedule of meals and snacks
  • Don’t force your child to clean his or her plate
  • Don’t bribe or reward your child with food
  • Don’t use food as a way of showing love

5. Get Your Child Involved

  • Show your child how fun cooking and preparing meals is, such as their school lunches!

6. Importance

  • The meal time habits your child learns now will lead to a lifetime of healthier choices!

For more Information please click on the following links:

Good Sleep Habits in Children

1. Make sure there is a quiet period before your child goes to bed. Read a book, color a picture, or have them snuggle up and sing a soft lullaby.

2. Try to set a consistent schedule or routine for mornings, nights, and naps. Children thrive on routine. It will be easier for their bodies to adjust to sleep times if they are consistent.

3. If your baby is not tired at bedtime, don't let them sleep as long during the day.

4. Allow your child to take a teddy bear, a favorite toy, or a special blanket to bed. It provides comfort and safety after you leave the room.

5. Avoid putting your baby to bed with a pacifier. Eventually your child will have to give up their pacifiers, so it will be harder for them to go to sleep later if they become accustomed to them now. (This does not apply for young infants)

6. Make sure your child is comfortable. You do not want to have their room overly warm or too cold. Make sure that they are dressed appropriately for the temperature in the area where they will sleep.

7. Avoid letting your child sleep with you. Although comforting, this can be dangerous, too. Children have suffocated in their parents beds, so this should be avoided. It is, also, a hard habit to break.

8. Try to not return to your child's room every time he or she cries or complains. This is tough to do and you can start out slowly, but children need to learn how to put themselves to sleep.

9. Gate the room of a toddler to prevent wandering and enforce parental control. Once a child is out of their crib, they can have a tendency to wake up and wander. For safety, it is better for them to stay in their room and call for you when they wake up.

10. Encourage happy children by positive parent encounters after sleep. Always greet your awakening child with love, smiles, and comfort. Children will learn that you are always there when they wake up.

For more Information please click on the following links:

Children's Behavior

1. Boundaries

Kids need boundaries. Have family meetings and determine appropriate house rules and inappropriate house rules.

2. Clarify Consequences

If your child refuses to follow your house rules or does something you specifically told them not to, give them a warning and explain to them if they do it again what the consequences will be.

3. Follow Through

If they continue to misbehave follow through on the consequence.

4. Reward Good Behavior

Keep a reward chart for extra-special behavior, such as bonus points with prizes.

5. Routine & Rest

Watch out for mood swings and tantrums when your child did not get enough sleep the night before. Make sure they receive adequate sleep. If there are extenuating circumstances you may need to take this into account, such as they are sick, hurt, or tired.

6. One-To-One Time

Some kids misbehave for parental attention. Schedule a time with your child to have fun with just the two of you to avoid this problem. Also, do not reward your child with positive attention if they have misbehaved.

7. Peer Group Pressure

If your child is being negatively influenced, do something about it. Get in contact with the parents, school, etc. Children will emulate those around them and they do respond to outside stimuli either positively or negatively. If your child is acting out of character look for the reason or source.

8. Choice and Control

Give your child a limited list that you are comfortable with of what they can eat, wear, play with, etc., so they feel like they are in control as well. If you give your child choices there will be far fewer battles.

9. Stay Calm

Make sure you stay calm yourself or you could snap at your child. Take a breath or two to avoid more issues. You will get nowhere screaming and it will only increase the stress of a difficult situation.

10. Talk About It

You can't Parent your child alone. Work with your partner, friends, or other family members as well. Get as much help as possible! Get ideas from other parents about what works for them in difficult situations. No two children are alike, so what works for one may not work for another.

For more Information please click on the following links:

School Performance Influences

These are things that can interact with your child's actual academic ability whether positively or negatively

1. Overall behavior

  • Discipline
  • Interaction with peers
  • Manners
  • Social Maturity
  • Patience
  • Time Management Skills
  • Organizational Ability

2. School Environment

  • Noisy with many distractions
  • Calm with few distractions
  • Time between classes for movement and exercise
  • Period length of each subject
  • Teaching Method Used

3. Home Environment

  • Cleanliness
  • Safety
  • Parental Involvement

4. Developmental History

  • Prenatal
  • Birth
  • Milestones
  • Major Illnesses

5. Family Problems

  • Death in Family
  • Divorce
  • Alcohol
  • Drugs
  • Money Issues
  • Stress
  • Family Member's illness

6. Parental Educational Background

  • High school
  • College
  • Master's/Bachelor's Degree

7. Daily Routine and Schedule

  • School
  • Hobbies
  • Sports
  • Work
  • Homework Time and Environment

8. Mental Status

  • Anxiety
  • Self Esteem
  • Depression
  • Stress
  • Confidence Level

9. Learning Disabilities

  • Dyslexia
  • Language
  • Calculation
  • Motor Skills
  • Communication

10. Attention Span

  • ADD
  • ADHD

11. General Health

  • Seizure Disorders
  • School Attendance
  • Medications
  • Allergies
  • Other chronic illnesses

12. Diet

  • Habits
  • Eating Schedule
  • Choice of food for Meals and Snacks

13. Sleep

  • Habits
  • Sleep Schedule
  • Amount and Quality of Sleep
  • Sleep Disorders

14. I.Q.

15. Motivation for Learning

  • Learning environment
  • Rewards and Praise

For more Information please click on the following links:

TV and Computer Time

1. Set Limits

Allow your child to watch TV, play video games, and watch movies for a maximum of only 1-2 hours per day.

2. Plan What to Watch

Use a program guide and view ratings of the movies or television channels. DVDs are a good way to control the material that your children are viewing, plus no commercials.

3. Watch TV with Your Children

Educate your children through discussion of what you are watching

4. Make Sure They Get The Right Message

Talk to your children and let them know real-life situations. Remember to limit content to age appropriate material that they can understand.

5. Help Your Children Resist Commercials

Explain the purpose of commercials to your children and let them know that the purpose of commercials is to exploit what people don't need.

6. Find Quality Children's Videos and DVDs

Check reviews and ratings while looking to buy videos and DVDs.

7. Provide Other Options Besides TV

TV can become a habit, so have your children play outside more, color, read a book, or learn a new hobby.

8. Set a Good Example

Limit your own TV watching and your children will do the same.

9. Express Your Views

When you see something you disapprove of, contact the TV station or network.

For more Information please click on the following links:

Importance of Physical Activity

1. Everyone can benefit physically and mentally from physical activity

2. Reduces risk of coronary heart disease

3. Reduces risk of a stroke

4. Lowers risk of high blood pressure

5. Lowers your cholesterol level

6. Reduces risk of colon cancer

7. Helps to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight

8. Reduces feelings of depression, anxiety, and stress

9. Helps build and maintain healthy bones, muscles, and joints

10. Builds confidence!

For more Information please click on the following links:

Picky Eaters

1. Respect a Child's Hunger

  • If your child is not hungry, don't force it.

2. Watch the Clock

  • An hour or two before each meal reduce or take away snacks and juices so your child is more hungry for the actual meal.

3. Start Small

  • Limit food to small portions with a lot of variety. Try one bite of everything on their plate.

4. No Taste

  • Introduce your child to the colors of the food, the texture, the shape and get them interested in other things besides the taste to encourage new foods.

5. Be Patient

  • Expose your child to new foods, but be patient with them and continue the process.

6. Make It Fun

  • Cut foods into various shapes with cookie cutters.

7. Set a Good Example

  • Eat healthy, your child will follow.

8. Stick to Your Routine

  • Serve meals and snacks at the same time every day.

9. Be Sneaky

  • Add in vegetables to your sauces, or add sliced fruit on cereal, or vegetables into soup and salad to add in extras without your child knowing.

10. Know When to Seek Help

  • Ask Your Doctor to Oversee.

For more Information please click on the following links:

Tooth Care

Tips on Brushing:

1. Hold your brush at a 45-degree angle against your gum line. Gently brush from where the tooth and gum meet to the chewing surface in short (about half-a-tooth-wide) strokes. Brushing too hard can cause receding gums, tooth sensitivity, and, over time, loose teeth.

2. Use the same method to brush all outside and inside surfaces of your teeth.

3. To clean the chewing surfaces of your teeth, use short sweeping strokes, tipping the bristles into the pits and crevices.

4. To clean the inside surfaces of your top and bottom front teeth and gums hold the brush almost vertical. With back and forth motions bring the front part of the brush over the teeth and gums.

5. Using a forward-sweeping motion, gently brush your tongue and the roof of your mouth to remove the decay-causing bacteria that exist in these places.

6. Use an egg timer or play a favorite song while brushing your teeth to get used to brushing for a full 2 to 3 minutes. Some electronic toothbrushes have timers that let you know when 2 minutes are up.

Tips on Flossing:

  • 1. Carefully insert the floss between two teeth, using a back and forth motion. Gently bring the floss to the gum line, but don't force it under the gums. Curve the floss around the edge of your tooth in the shape of the letter "C" and slide it up and down the side of each tooth.
  • 2. Repeat this process between all your teeth, and remember to floss the back sides of your back teeth.

For more Information please see our Dental section under Child Wellness Tab.

Anorexia Nervosa

What is anorexia nervosa?

A person with anorexia nervosa, often called anorexia, has an intense fear of gaining weight. This person will think about food a lot and limit the food she or he eats, even though she or he is too thin.

Anorexia is more than just a problem with food. It's a way of using food or starving oneself to feel more in control of life and to ease tension, anger, and anxiety.

Most people with anorexia are female.

An anorexic:

  • has a low body weight for her or his height
  • resists keeping a normal body weight
  • has an intense fear of gaining weight
  • thinks she or he is fat even when very thin
  • misses three (menstrual) periods in a row for girls/women who have started having their periods

Can someone with anorexia get better?

Yes. Someone with anorexia can get better. A health care team of doctors, nutritionists, and therapists will help the patient get better. They will help her or him learn healthy eating patterns, cope with thoughts and feelings, and gain weight. With outpatient care, the patient receives treatment through visits with members of their health care team. Some patients may need "partial hospitalization." This means that the person goes to the hospital during the day for treatment, but lives at home. Sometimes, the patient goes to a hospital and stays there for treatment. After leaving the hospital, the patient continues to get help from her or his health care team. Individual counseling can also help someone with anorexia.

If the patient is young, counseling may involve the whole family too. Support groups may also be a part of treatment. In support groups, patients and families meet and share what they've been through. Often, eating disorders happen along with mental health problems such as depression and anxiety.

These problems are treated along with the anorexia. Treatment may include medicines that fix hormone imbalances that play a role in these disorders.

For more Information please click on the following links:


What is bulimia?

Bulimia nervosa is a type of eating disorder. It is often called just bulimia. A person with bulimia eats a lot of food in a short amount of time. This is called binging. The person may fear gaining weight after a binge. Binging also can cause feelings of shame and guilt. So, the person tries to "undo" the binge by getting rid of the food. This is called purging.

Purging might be done by:

  • making yourself throw up
  • taking laxatives- pills or liquids that speed up the movement of food through your body and lead to a bowel movement
  • exercising a lot
  • eating very little or not at all
  • taking water pills to urinate

Can someone with bulimia get better?

Yes. Someone with bulimia can get better with the help of a health care team. A doctor will provide medical care. A nutritionist can teach healthy eating patterns. A therapist can help the patient learn new ways to cope with thoughts and feelings.

Therapy is an important part of any treatment plan. It might be alone, with family members, or in a group.Medicines can help some people with bulimia. These include medicines used to treat depression. Medicines work best when used with therapy.

Chances of getting better are greatest when bulimia is found out and treated early.

For more Information please click on the following links:

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